Disease & Treatment

Dengue Fever : 10 Main Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Complete Treatment and Home Remedies

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Dengue (DENG-gey) fever is a mosquito-borne infection that happens in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Gentle dengue fever causes high fever, rash, and muscle and joint agony. A serious type of dengue fever, additionally called dengue hemorrhagic fever, can cause extreme dying, an abrupt drop in pulse (shock) and passing.

A huge number of instances of dengue contamination happen worldwide every year. Dengue fever is most normal in Southeast Asia and the western Pacific islands, yet the illness has been expanding quickly in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Scientists are chipping away at dengue fever antibodies. Until further notice, the best avoidance is to decrease mosquito territory in regions where dengue fever is normal.


Many individuals, particularly youngsters and teenagers, may encounter no signs or side effects during a gentle instance of dengue fever. Whenever indications do happen, they ordinarily start four to 10 days after you are nibbled by a contaminated mosquito. Signs and side effects of dengue fever most generally include:

  • Fever, as high as 106 F (41 C)
  • Headaches
  • Muscle, bone and joint pain
  • Pain behind your eyes
  • Widespread rash
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  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rarely, minor bleeding from your gums or nose

A great many people recuperate inside a week or thereabouts. At times, manifestations decline and can become dangerous. Veins frequently become harmed and broken. Also the quantity of clump shaping cells (platelets) in your circulation system drops. This can cause:

  • Bleeding from your nose and mouth
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Bleeding under the skin, which might look like bruising
  • Problems with your lungs, liver and heart

When to see a doctor.

Assuming that you’ve as of late visited a locale in which dengue fever is known to happen and you abruptly foster a fever, see your primary care doctor.


  • Dengue fever is brought about by any of four dengue infections spread by mosquitoes that flourish in and close to human lodgings. At the point when a mosquito chomps an individual tainted with a dengue infection, the infection enters the mosquito. At the point when the tainted mosquito then, at that point, chomps someone else, the infection enters that individual’s circulation system.
  • After you’ve recuperated from dengue fever, you have insusceptibility to the infection that contaminated you – however not to the next three dengue fever infections. The gamble of creating serious dengue fever, otherwise called dengue hemorrhagic fever, really increments assuming you’re tainted a second, third or fourth time.
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Factors that put you at more serious gamble of creating dengue fever or a more extreme type of the illness include:

  • Living or going in tropical regions. Being in tropical and subtropical regions builds your gamble of openness to the infection that causes dengue fever. Particularly high-hazard regions are Southeast Asia, the western Pacific islands, Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • Earlier disease with a dengue fever infection. Past disease with a dengue fever infection builds your gamble of having serious indications assuming you’re tainted once more.


If extreme, dengue fever can harm the lungs, liver or heart. Circulatory strain can drop to risky levels, causing shock and, at times, passing.


You’ll probably begin by seeing your essential consideration supplier. Yet, you additionally may be alluded to an in irresistible specialist illnesses.

Since arrangements can be brief, and in light of the fact that there’s frequently a ton of ground to cover, it’s smart to be good to go for your arrangement. Here is some data to assist you with preparing, and what’s in store from your doctor.

What you can do.

  • Record any manifestations you’re encountering, including any that might appear to be inconsequential to the justification for which you planned the arrangement.
  • Record key individual data. List your worldwide travel history, with dates and nations visited and drugs taken while voyaging. Bring a record of your inoculations, including pre-travel immunizations.
  • Make a rundown of every one of your meds. Incorporate any nutrients or enhancements you take routinely.
  • Record inquiries to pose to your primary care physician. Setting up a rundown of inquiries can assist you with benefiting as much as possible from your experience with your primary care physician. List your inquiries from generally critical to least significant in the event that time expires.

For dengue fever, a few fundamental inquiries to pose to your primary care doctor include:

  • What’s the most probable reason for my manifestations?
  • What sorts of tests do I want?
  • What medicines are accessible?
  • How lengthy will it be before I’m feeling much improved?
  • Are there any drawn out impacts of this disease?
  • Do you have any handouts or other literature that I can bring home with me? What sites do you suggest?

What to expect from your doctor.

  • Be ready to address inquiries from your primary care doctor, for example,
  • When did your manifestations start?
  • Have your side effects been ceaseless or periodic?
  • How serious are your manifestations?
  • Does anything appear to exacerbate your manifestations?
  • Where have you gone in the previous month?
  • Is it safe to say that you were nibbled by mosquitoes while voyaging?
  • Have you been in contact as of late with any individual who was sick?

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  • Diagnosing dengue fever can be troublesome, on the grounds that its signs and manifestations can be handily mistaken for those of different sicknesses – like intestinal sickness, leptospirosis and typhoid fever.
  • Your doctor will probably get some information about your clinical and travel history. Make certain to depict global excursions exhaustively, including the nations you visited and the dates, as well as any reach you might have had with mosquitoes.
  • Certain research center tests can recognize proof of the dengue infections, however test results typically return beyond any good time to assist with coordinating treatment choices.


No particular treatment for dengue fever exists. Your primary care physician might suggest that you drink a lot of liquids to keep away from parchedness from spewing and high fever. Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) can mitigate torment and decrease fever. Stay away from pain killers that can expand draining intricacies – like headache medicine, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve, others).

If you have severe dengue fever, you may need:

  • Supportive care in a hospital
  • Intravenous (IV) fluid and electrolyte replacement
  • Blood pressure monitoring
  • Transfusion to replace blood loss


Six dengue fever immunizations are being developed, yet at the same not yet accessible. The antibody that is uttermost being developed is a three-portion immunization for kids. The aftereffects of a stage III preliminary were distributed in July 2014. This study showed that the immunization has all the earmarks of being protected, and it forestalled dengue contaminations somewhat the greater part the time.

The people who had the antibody yet at the same time became contaminated with dengue had a milder course of the infection than did the individuals who weren’t immunized. Albeit the antibody isn’t quite so compelling as specialists would like, it is protected. The organization that makes this antibody hasn’t yet declared any designs to look for endorsement to showcase the immunization.

So for the time being, assuming you’re residing or going in a space where dengue fever is known to be, the most effective way to stay away from dengue fever is to try not to be chomped by mosquitoes that convey the sickness.

In the event that you are residing or going in tropical regions where dengue fever is normal, these tips might assist with lessening your gamble of mosquito chomps:

  • Remain in cooled or very much screened lodging. It’s especially vital to keep mosquitoes out around evening time.
  • Reschedule open air exercises. Try not to be outside at sunrise, sunset and afternoon, when more mosquitoes are out.
  • Wear defensive dress. Whenever you go into mosquito-invaded regions, wear a long-sleeved shirt, long jeans, socks and shoes.
  • Use mosquito repellent. Permethrin can be applied to your attire, shoes, setting up camp stuff and bed netting. You can likewise purchase dressing made with permethrin currently in it. For your skin, utilize an anti-agents containing essentially a 10 percent convergence of DEET.
  • Diminish mosquito living space. The mosquitoes that convey the dengue infection ordinarily live in and around houses, reproducing in standing water that can gather in such things as utilized vehicle tires. Lessen the rearing environment to bring down mosquito populaces.

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Pintu Kumar Sahu, LT, is a registered Lab Technician with a Diploma in Medical Field. He has good knowledge of Biochemistry, Pathology, Blood banks, and Microbiology.

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