Lice vs dandruff are both awkward circumstances that make your scalp tingle, and they are handily mistaken for one another. While lice are a transitory invasion, be that as it may, dandruff is a persistent skin condition.
Head lice, also called pediculus humanus capitis, are parasitic insects that live and lay eggs on the scalp. They drink human blood, and their nibbles cause extreme tingling.
As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are six to 12 million instances of head lice every year in the United States. Small kids are most in danger since they oftentimes have hair-to-hair contact with others at childcare or school.1
Dandruff, otherwise called seborrheic dermatitis, makes little bits of getting skin pieces dry on the scalp. When seborrheic dermatitis happens on a newborn child’s scalp, it is known as a support cap.
While lice are profoundly infectious, dandruff isn’t. Luckily, the two circumstances can be dealt with securely and successfully at home.
Difference Between Lice Vs Dandruff
Dandruff is a constant skin condition that produces dry, flaky pieces of skin. Head lice are little, parasitic bugs that feed off the blood under your scalp. They go through two or three development stages. They begin as eggs, or nits, that are connected to the foundation of hair follicles by a paste-like substance. They are then alluded to as fairies in their adolescent stage and afterward become completely mature lice. These two issues are promptly befuddled by individuals since the two of them have the significant side effect of a bothersome scalp. Coming up next are a couple of ways of differentiating lice and dandruff.
- Area: It is the lice nits that will normally seem to be dandruff drops. There are hints given by where they are precisely on your youngster’s head. Since the nits are joined to the foundation of the hair, you won’t track down them on the scalp though you will track down dandruff on the scalp. Since dandruff is simply flaky skin, it will likewise tumble off effectively as you brush your hair, yet nits are really a test to eliminate.
- Infection: The skin state of dandruff isn’t infectious. The dry skin chips can get all over another person, however, they will not foster dandruff from them. Head lice, then again, can promptly spread from one individual to another either through direct no holds barred contact or by wearing a cap, protective cap or other headgear of a swarmed individual.
- How Your Scalp Feels: Both of these issues cause an irritated scalp. One contrast, however, is that dandruff is bound to tingle when your scalp is dry. Likewise, in the event that you notice or on the other hand, assuming that your kid lets you know they feel a slithering sensation on their scalp, this is most certainly an indication of lice.
- Variety: Dandruff drops are ordinarily straightforward with regard to variety. They are white or maybe somewhat yellowish. Nits are by and large more obscure in variety than dandruff pieces, and the actual lice appear as though messes with instead of simply specks of skin. You might require an amplifying glass to make out their bug-like appearance.
Causes Of Lice
Lice feed on human blood and can be tracked down on the human head. The female mite creates a tacky substance that immovably connects each egg to the foundation of a hair shaft. Eggs hatch in 6 to 9 days.
You can get lice by coming into contact with either lice or their eggs. Lice can’t bounce or fly. They spread through:
- Straight on or body-to-body contact. This might happen as kids or relatives play or cooperate intently.
- Firmly put away assets. Putting away apparel that has lice near one another in storerooms, storage spaces, or on one next to the other snares at school can spread lice. Lice additionally can spread while putting away private things like pads, covers, brushes, and stuffed toys together.
- Things are divided between companions or relatives. These may incorporate apparel, earphones, brushes, brushes, hair adornments, towels, covers, cushions, and stuffed toys.
- Contact with furniture that has lice on it. Lying on a bed or sitting in overstuffed, fabric-covered furniture as of late utilized by somebody with lice can spread them. Lice can live for 1 to 2 days off the body.
Symptoms Of Lice
Normal signs and symptoms of lice include
- Extreme tingling on the scalp, body, or genital region.
- A stimulating inclination from the development of hair.
- The presence of lice on your scalp, body, clothing, pubic or other body hair. Grown-up lice might be about the size of a sesame seed or somewhat bigger.
- Lice eggs (nits) on hair shafts. Nits might be hard to see since they’re exceptionally small. They’re simplest to recognize around the ears and the scruff of the neck. Nits can be confused with dandruff, yet dissimilar to dandruff, they won’t be quickly brushed out of hair.
- Wounds on the scalp, neck, and shoulders. Scratching can prompt little red knocks that can some of the time get tainted with microscopic organisms.
When to see a specialist?
See your medical services supplier assuming you suspect you or your kid has lice. Things frequently confused with nits include:
- Buildup from hair items
- The dot of dead hair tissue on a hair shaft
- Scabs, soil, or other garbage
- Other little bugs tracked down in the hair
Treatment For Lice
Treatment for head lice can come as cured shampoos. Shampoos containing permethrin and pyrethrin kill lice and nits and are suggested for grown-ups and youngsters more than 2 years old. You might need to wash your hair with the cured cleanser again following 7 to 10 days to guarantee that all the lice are dead.
Find over-the-counter lice cleanser here.
To apply treatment, you ought to:
- Take off attire that might become wet or stained during application.
- Apply the medication as indicated by the guidelines on the container. You might require a subsequent jug in the event that you are treating longer hair.
- Check for live lice 8 to 12 hours after application. Brush out dead and live lice utilizing a fine-tooth brush.
- It is frequently encouraged to proceed with treatment until all the lice and nits are no more. Contingent upon your drug, subsequent treatment is prescribed around 7 to 9 days after the main treatment or on the other hand in the event that you see creeping lice.
Assuming that this appears to be inconvenient, another treatment choice is to shave the scalp and go bare.
On the other hand, you can visit a dermatologist who will in all likelihood give you any of the accompanying physician-recommended meds:
- Benzyl liquor arrangement
- Ivermectin cream
- Malathion cream
- Spinoside suspension
- Lindane cleanser
- Whether you are self-treating yourself or getting treated by a dermatologist, ensure you wash your garments, towels, or bed sheets in steaming hot water.
Home Remedies For Lice
Home Remedies cures can be utilized notwithstanding sedated shampoos to assist with keeping head lice from spreading.
A lice invasion requires somewhat more work around the house to ensure that the little bugs and their eggs are all obliterated.
Wash dress, towels, and bedding in exceptionally hot water and dry them in a high-intensity setting. Vacuum upholstered furniture and covering, and pack up squishy toys and other toys for somewhere around 3 days and as long as about fourteen days. Any excess lice will bite the dust without food.
Causes Of Dandruff
Dandruff can have a few causes, including:
- Dry skin. Straightforward dry skin is the most well-known reason for dandruff. Chips from dry skin are by and large more modest and less slick than those from different reasons for dandruff, and you’ll probably have side effects and indications of dry skin on different pieces of the body, like your legs and arms.
- Disturbed, sleek skin (seborrheic dermatitis). This condition, one of the most continuous reasons for dandruff, is set apart by red, oily skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis might influence your scalp and different regions wealthy in oil organs, like your eyebrows, the sides of your nose and the backs of your ears, your breastbone, your crotch region, and in some cases your armpits.
- Not shampooing frequently enough. On the off chance that you don’t routinely wash your hair, oils and skin cells from your scalp can develop, causing dandruff.
- Other skin conditions. Individuals with skin conditions like dermatitis — a persistent, incendiary skin condition — or psoriasis — a skin condition set apart by the quick development of harsh, dry, dead skin cells that structure thick scales — may seem to have dandruff.
- A yeast-like growth (malassezia). Malassezia lives on the scalps of most grown-ups, yet as far as some might be concerned, it aggravates the scalp. This can disturb your scalp and prompt more skin cells to develop. The additional skin cells pass on and tumble off, causing them to seem white and flaky in your hair or on your garments. Why malassezia disturbs a few scalps isn’t known.
- Aversion to hair care items (contact dermatitis). At times aversions to specific fixings in hair care items or hair colors, particularly paraphenylenediamine, can cause a red, bothersome, flaky scalp. Shampooing time after time or utilizing too many styling items likewise may aggravate your scalp, causing dandruff.
Symptoms Of Dandruff
For most youngsters and grown-ups, dandruff side effects are not difficult to recognize: white, sleek-looking pieces of dead skin that speck your hair and shoulders, and a perhaps bothersome, flaky scalp. The condition might deteriorate throughout the fall and winter, while indoor warming can add to dry skin, and improve throughout the mid-year.
A kind of dandruff called support cap can influence infants. This problem, which causes a flaky, dry scalp, is most normal in babies, yet it can happen whenever during the earliest stages. In spite of the fact that it very well may be disturbing for guardians, the support cap isn’t risky and normally clears up on its own when a child is 3 years of age.
When to see a specialist?
Most instances of dandruff don’t need a specialist’s consideration. However, assuming you’re actually scratching your head following a little while of trying different things with over-the-counter (OTC) dandruff shampoos, or on the other hand in the event that your scalp becomes red or enlarged, see your primary care physician or dermatologist. You might have seborrheic dermatitis or another condition that looks like dandruff. Frequently your doctor can analyze the issue basically by checking out your hair and scalp.
Also, Read More About Hair Loss: 5 Critical Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Treatment, And Home Remedies
Treatment For Dandruff
Dandruff can quite often be controlled, yet dandruff treatment might take tolerance and steadiness. By and large, day-to-day purifying with a delicate cleanser to diminish sickness and skin cell development can frequently help gentle dandruff.
At the point when standard shampoos fizzle, dandruff shampoos you can purchase at a pharmacy might succeed. However, dandruff shampoos aren’t all similar, and you might have to try until you find one that works for you. Assuming you foster tingling, stinging, redness, or consumption from any item, quit utilizing it. In the event that you foster an unfavorably susceptible response, for example, a rash, hives, or trouble breathing, look for guaranteed clinical consideration.
Dandruff shampoos are grouped by the drug they contain:
- Zinc pyrithione shampoos (like Head and Shoulders, Jason Dandruff Relief 2 of every 1, others). These contain the antibacterial and antifungal specialist zinc pyrithione, which can diminish the organism on your scalp that can cause dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.
- Tar-based shampoos (like Neutrogena T/Gel). Coal tar, a side-effect of the coal-producing process, helps conditions like dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, and psoriasis by easing back how rapidly skin cells on your scalp kick the bucket and piece of.
- Shampoos containing salicylic are corrosive (like Neutrogena T/Sal). These “scalp scours” assist with disposing of scale, however, they might leave your scalp dry, prompting seriously chipping. Utilizing a conditioner subsequent to shampooing can assist with easing the dryness.
- Selenium sulfide shampoos (like Selsun Blue). These shampoos slow your skin cells from passing on and may likewise diminish malassezia. Since they can stain light, dark, or artificially shaded hair, make certain to utilize them just as coordinated and flush well in the wake of shampooing.
- Ketoconazole shampoos (like Nizoral). Ketoconazole is an expansive range antifungal specialist that might work when different shampoos fall flat. It’s available without a prescription as well as by remedy.
Have a go at utilizing one of these shampoos day to day or each and every day until your dandruff is controlled; then slice back to a few times each week, depending on the situation. In the event that one sort of cleanser works for a period and, appears to lose its viability, take a stab at switching back and forth between two kinds of dandruff shampoos. Make certain to knead the cleanser into the scalp well and afterward leave the cleanser on for something like five minutes — this gives the fixings time to work.
On the off chance that you’ve shampooed dependably for quite some time, there’s as yet a cleaning of dandruff on your shoulders, converse with your doctor or dermatologist. You might require an original effectiveness cleanser or treatment with a steroid moisturizer.
Home Remedies For Dandruff
Notwithstanding customary shampooing, you can do whatever it may take to diminish your gamble of treating dandruff:
- Figure out how to oversee pressure. Stress influences your general wellbeing, making you helpless to various circumstances and sicknesses. It might assist with setting off dandruff or demolish existing side effects.
- Cleanser frequently. In the event that you will quite often have a sleek scalp, day-to-day shampooing might assist with forestalling dandruff.
- Scale back styling items. Hair splashes, styling gels, mousses, and hair waxes can all develop on your hair and scalp, making them oilier.
- Eat a solid eating routine. An eating regimen that gives sufficient zinc, B nutrients, and particular kinds of fats might assist with forestalling dandruff.
- Get a little sun. Daylight might be really great for dandruff. But since openness to bright light harms your skin and builds your gamble of skin malignant growth, don’t sunbathe. All things being equal, simply invest a little energy outside. Also, make certain to wear sunscreen all over and body.
Neither having lice nor dandruff is risky. Steady scratching can harm the scalp, be that as it may, and may prompt a scalp disease.
Both lice and dandruff ordinarily answer well to locally acquired medicines, thus an individual can attempt an OTC cure as their most memorable reaction.
On the off chance that OTC medicines don’t work, it is ideal to see a specialist or dermatologist for scalp tingling or agony.
Lice Vs Dandruff: What’s The Difference Between Them? (FAQs)
How can I say whether it’s lice or dandruff?
Dandruff will show up as white or yellow pieces of dry skin. Lice eggs, otherwise called nits, seem to be small yellow or white eggs looking like a tear. Grown-up lice are hazier in variety and about the size of a sesame seed. While the two circumstances can cause your hair to stand on end, they are typically really treated at home.
Does dandruff feel like lice?
Lice and dandruff side effects might look or feel comparable, yet disposing of the tingle requires various strategies. There are numerous things that can prompt an insufferably irritated scalp.
How would I actually look at myself for lice?
Search for lice slithering on the scalp where the hair is separated or on the hair shaft. The lice will be dull in variety and the size of a poppyseed. Search for nits close to the hair follicle about ¼ inch from the scalp. Nits (eggs) will be white or yellowish-brown.
What can be confused with head lice?
Things frequently confused with nits include:
Buildup from hair items.
Dabs of dead hair tissue on a hair shaft.
Scabs, soil, or other flotsam and jetsam.
Other little bugs are tracked down in the hair.
Are lice nits hard or delicate?
Nits, or lice eggs.
The oval-formed eggs frequently look yellow or white yet might be a similar variety as your hair. They are found on the initial 1-2 crawls of the hair shaft nearest to the scalp (not the end) and are difficult to eliminate. You might mistake them for dandruff or pieces from hairspray development.
For what reason is my head so bothersome however I don’t have lice or dandruff ?
A strongly bothersome scalp without indications of a rash or another skin response can be an indication of a nerve issue. Your primary care physician might say you have neuropathy. It’s the clinical word for an issue along a nerve because of harm, sickness, or an irregularity in the manner in which the nerve works.
Is it typical to scratch your head and white stuff falls off?
Minimal White Flakes
Dandruff pieces are dead skin cells that tumble off your scalp. At the point when you have dandruff, your scalp might look layered or red and feel irritated or crude. Scratching or scouring your head slackens the drops.
What are the little white balls on my scalp?
Nits (eggs) are minuscule white bits joined to hairs near the scalp. Not at all like dandruff or sand, nits can’t be shaken off the hair shafts. Best places to search for nits: behind the ears and along the hairline at the neck. Tingling of the scalp is the principal side effect.
Might you at any point feel lice nits with your fingers?
Run your fingers along the hair shaft to check whether you can without much of a stretch move the thought nit. In the event that it genuinely is a nit, it won’t slip or tumble off the hair shaft. In the event that it moves, it doubtlessly isn’t a nit as the need might arise to be pulled off the hair shaft with your fingernails or a decent lice brush.
Does interlacing hair assist with forestalling lice?
The normal interlace, a French twist, a fishtail mesh, or a crown plait are magnificent hairdos to keep your hair up and far removed from others. Any twist type that keeps your hair pulled back and contained is ideal for assisting with forestalling your contact with head lice.