Disease & Treatment

Low Blood Pressure: 10 main Symptoms, Causes, Tests, Treatments and Home Remedies

low blood pressure

What is low blood pressure?

Low blood pressure (hypotension) would appear to be something to take a stab at. Be that as it may, for some, individuals, low blood pressure can cause side effects of tipsiness and blackout. In extreme cases, low blood pressure can life-undermine.

In spite of the fact that blood pressure fluctuates from one individual to another, a pulse perusing of 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or less systolic blood pressure (the top number in a blood pressure perusing) or 60 mm Hg or less diastolic blood pressure (the base number) is by and large viewed as low blood pressure.

The reasons for low blood pressure can go from lack of hydration to genuine clinical or careful issues. Low blood pressure is treatable, yet it’s critical to figure out what’s causing your condition so it very well may be appropriately treated.

Symptoms of low blood pressure:

For certain, individuals, low blood pressure can flag a hidden issue, particularly when it drops unexpectedly or is joined by signs and side effects, for example,

  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Fainting (syncope)
  • Lack of concentration
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea
  • Cold, clammy, pale skin
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Thirst

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When to see a doctor?

In many occurrences, low blood pressure isn’t not kidding. In the event that you have reliably low readings yet feel fine, your doctor is probably going to screen you during routine tests.

Indeed, even infrequent wooziness or tipsiness might be a generally minor issue – the aftereffect of gentle lack of hydration from an excess of time in the sun or a blistering tub, for instance. In these circumstances, it’s anything but a matter such a great deal how far, however of how rapidly, your blood pressure drops.

All things considered, it’s vital to see your doctor on the off chance that you experience any signs or manifestations of hypotension since they now and then can highlight more-difficult issues. It very well may be useful to track your side effects, when they happen and what you were doing at that point.

Causes of low blood pressure:

Blood pressure is an estimation of the tension in your supply routes during the dynamic and resting periods of every heartbeat. This is what the numbers mean:

  • Systolic pressure. The main (top) number in a blood pressure perusing, this is how much tension your heart creates while siphoning blood through your veins to the remainder of your body.
  • Diastolic pressure. The second (base) number in a blood pressure perusing, this alludes to how much tension in your courses when your heart is very still between pulsates.

Current rules recognize typical blood pressure as lower than 120/80 mm Hg.

In spite of the fact that you can get a precise blood pressure perusing at some random time, blood pressure isn’t similar all the time. It can differ extensively in a short measure of time – some of the time starting with one heartbeat then onto the next, contingent upon body position, breathing cadence, feeling of anxiety, state of being, prescriptions you take, what you eat and drink, and even season of day. blood pressure is typically most reduced around evening time and rises pointedly on waking.

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Blood pressure: How low would you be able to go?

What’s viewed as low blood pressure for you might be typical for another person. Most specialists consider constantly low blood pressure excessively low provided that it causes perceptible indications.

A few specialists characterize low blood pressure as readings lower than 90 mm Hg systolic or 60 mm Hg diastolic – you really want to have just one number in the low reach for your blood pressure to be viewed as lower than ordinary. At the end of the day, in the event that your systolic tension is an ideal 115, yet your diastolic strain is 50, you’re considered to have lower than ordinary strain.

An unexpected fall in blood pressure additionally can be hazardous. A difference in only 20 mm Hg – a drop from 110 systolic to 90 mm Hg systolic, for instance – can cause dazedness and swooning when the mind neglects to get a sufficient stockpile of blood.

What’s more, enormous dives, particularly those brought about by uncontrolled dying, extreme diseases or unfavorably susceptible responses, can life-compromise.

Competitors and individuals who work out consistently will generally have lower blood pressure and more slow blood pressure than do individuals who aren’t as fit. In this way, by and large, do nonsmokers and individuals who eat a sound eating regimen and keep a typical weight.

Yet, in a few interesting cases, low blood pressure can be an indication of genuine, even dangerous issues.

Conditions that can cause low blood pressure:

A few ailments can cause low blood pressure. These include:

  • Pregnancy. Since a lady’s circulatory framework grows quickly during pregnancy, blood pressure is probably going to drop. This is ordinary, and blood pressure typically gets back to your pre-pregnancy level after you’ve conceived an offspring.
  • Heart issues. Some heart conditions that can prompt low blood pressure incorporate incredibly low blood pressure (bradycardia), heart valve issues, coronary episode and cardiovascular breakdown.
  • These circumstances might cause low blood pressure since they keep your body from having the option to flow sufficient blood.
  • Endocrine issues. Thyroid circumstances – like parathyroid infection – adrenal deficiency (Addison’s sickness), low glucose (hypoglycemia) and, at times, diabetes can set off low blood pressure.
  • Dehydration. Whenever you become dried out, your body loses more water than it takes in. Indeed, even gentle lack of hydration can cause shortcoming, dazedness and weakness. Fever, spewing, extreme loose bowels, abuse of diuretics and demanding activity can all prompt drying out.
  • Undeniably more genuine is hypovolemic shock, a dangerous intricacy of drying out. It happens when low blood volume causes an abrupt drop in blood pressure and a decrease in how much oxygen arriving at your tissues. If untreated, extreme hypovolemic shock can cause passing inside a couple of moments or hours.
  • Blood loss. Losing a great deal of blood from a significant physical issue or inner draining diminishes how much blood in your body, prompting a serious drop in blood pressure.
  • Serious contamination (septicemia). Septicemia can happen when a disease in the body enters the circulatory system. This condition can prompt a dangerous drop in blood pressure called septic shock.
  • Serious hypersensitive response (hypersensitivity). Hypersensitivity is a serious and possibly dangerous unfavorably susceptible response. Normal triggers of hypersensitivity incorporate food varieties, certain meds, bug toxins and plastic. Hypersensitivity can lead to breathing issues, hives, tingling, an enlarged throat and a drop in blood pressure.
  • Absence of supplements in diet. An absence of the nutrients B-12 and folate can cause a condition in which your body doesn’t deliver sufficient red platelets (sickliness), causing low blood pressure.

Meds that can cause low blood pressure.

A few meds you might take can likewise cause low blood pressure, including:

  • Diuretics (water pills), like furosemide (Lasix) and hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide, Oretic)
  • Alpha blockers, like prazosin (Minipress) and labetalol
  • Beta blockers, like atenolol (Tenormin), propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL, others) and timolol
  • Drugs for Parkinson’s illness, for example, pramipexole (Mirapex) or those containing levodopa
  • Specific sorts of antidepressants (tricyclic antidepressants), including doxepin (Silenor), imipramine (Tofranil), protriptyline (Vivactil) and trimipramine (Surmontil)
  • Sildenafil (Viagra) or tadalafil (Cialis), especially in blend with the heart prescription dynamite

Types of low blood pressure:

Specialists regularly separate low blood pressure (hypotension) into various classifications, contingent upon the causes and different elements. A few kinds of low blood pressure include:

  • Low blood pressure on standing up (orthostatic, or postural, hypotension). This is an unexpected drop in blood pressure when you stand up from a sitting position or on the other hand assuming that you stand up subsequent to resting.
    • Conventionally, gravity makes blood pool in your legs at whatever point you stand. Your body makes up for this by expanding your blood pressure and tightening veins, consequently guaranteeing that enough blood gets back to your mind.
    • In any case, in individuals with orthostatic hypotension, this repaying component fizzles and blood pressure falls, prompting manifestations of discombobulation, unsteadiness, obscured vision and in any event, swooning.
    • Orthostatic hypotension can happen for an assortment of reasons, including parchedness, delayed bed rest, pregnancy, diabetes, heart issues, consumes, unreasonable hotness, huge varicose veins and certain neurological issues.
    • Various meds additionally can cause orthostatic hypotension, especially sedates used to treat hypertension – diuretics, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers and angiotensin-changing over protein (ACE) inhibitors – as well as antidepressants and medications used to treat Parkinson’s infection and erectile brokenness.
    • Orthostatic hypotension is particularly normal in more seasoned grown-ups, with upwards of 20% of those more established than age 65 encountering orthostatic hypotension.
    • In any case, orthostatic hypotension can likewise influence youthful, in any case solid individuals who stand up abruptly in the wake of sitting with their legs crossed for extensive stretches or subsequent to working for a period in a hunching down position.
  • Low blood pressure after eating (postprandial hypotension). Postprandial hypotension is an abrupt drop in blood pressure subsequent to eating. It influences generally more established grown-ups.
    • Similarly as gravity pulls blood to your feet when you stand, a lot of blood streams to your gastrointestinal system after you eat.
    • Customarily, your body balances this by expanding your blood pressure and tightening specific veins to assist with keeping up with ordinary blood pressure. However, in certain individuals these systems come up short, prompting tipsiness, faintness and falls.
    • Postprandial hypotension is bound to influence individuals with hypertension or autonomic sensory system issues like Parkinson’s infection.
    • Bringing down the portion of blood pressure medications and eating little, low-starch suppers might assist with lessening side effects.
  • Low blood pressure from flawed mind cues (neurally interceded hypotension). This problem causes blood pressure to drop subsequent to representing extensive stretches, prompting signs and manifestations like unsteadiness, queasiness and blacking out.
    • Neurally interceded hypotension generally influences youngsters, and it appears to happen due to a miscommunication between the heart and the cerebrum.
    • At the point when you represent expanded periods, your blood pressure falls as blood pools in your legs. Typically, your body then, at that point, makes acclimations to standardize your blood pressure.
    • However, in individuals with neurally intervened hypotension, nerves in the heart’s left ventricle really signal the cerebrum that blood pressure is excessively high, instead of too lowing.
    • Subsequently, the mind reduces the blood pressure, diminishing blood pressure significantly further. This makes more blood pool in the legs and less blood to arrive at the cerebrum, prompting dizziness and blacking out.
  • Low blood pressure because of sensory system harm (numerous framework decay with orthostatic hypotension). Additionally called Shy-Drager condition, this intriguing problem makes moderate harm the autonomic sensory system, which controls compulsory capacities, for example, blood pressure, blood pressure, breathing and processing.
    • Albeit this condition can be related with muscle quakes, eased back development, issues with coordination and discourse, and incontinence, its primary trademark is serious orthostatic hypotension in mix with extremely hypertension while resting.


Low blood pressure (hypotension) can happen in anybody, however particular kinds of low blood pressure are more normal relying upon your age or different elements:

  • Age. Drops in blood pressure on standing or in the wake of eating happen fundamentally in grown-ups more established than 65. Orthostatic, or postural, hypotension occurs subsequent to standing up, while postprandial hypotension occurs in the wake of eating a supper.
    • Neurally interceded hypotension occurs because of a miscommunication between the mind and heart. It principally influences kids and more youthful grown-ups.
  • Drugs. Individuals who take specific drugs, for example, hypertension prescriptions like alpha blockers, have a more serious gamble of low blood pressure.
  • Certain infections. Parkinson’s infection, diabetes and some heart conditions put you at a more serious gamble of growing low blood pressure.


Indeed, even moderate types of low blood pressure can cause tipsiness and shortcoming as well as blacking out and a gamble of injury from falls.

Also, seriously low blood pressure from any reason can deny your group sufficient oxygen to do its generally expected capacities, prompting harm to your heart and cerebrum.


No exceptional arrangements are important to have your blood pressure checked. You should wear a casual shirt to your arrangement so the blood pressure sleeve can fit around your arm appropriately.

Try not to quit taking any professionally prescribed drugs that you think might influence your blood pressure without your doctor’s recommendation.

Since arrangements can be brief, and on the grounds that there’s regularly a ton to examine, it’s smart to be ready for your arrangement. Here is data to assist you with preparing for your arrangement, and what’s in store from your doctor.

What you can do?

  • Know about any pre-arrangement limitations. At the time you make the arrangement, make certain to inquire as to whether there’s anything you really want to do the progress of time, for example, limit your eating routine for a blood test.
  • Record any manifestations you’re encountering, including any that might appear to be random to low blood pressure.
  • Record key individual data, including a family background of low blood pressure and any significant anxieties or late-life changes.
  • Make a rundown of all drugs, nutrients or enhancements that you’re taking.
  • Take a relative or companion along, if conceivable. In some cases, it very well may be hard to recollect all the data given to you during an arrangement. Somebody who goes with you might recollect something that you missed or neglected.
  • Be ready to talk about your eating regimen and exercise propensities. On the off chance that you don’t as of now follow an eating regimen or work out daily practice, be prepared to converse with your doctor about any difficulties you could look at in beginning.
  • Record inquiries to pose to your doctor.

Your experience with your doctor is restricted, so setting up a rundown of inquiries will assist you with capitalizing on your time together. List your inquiries from generally essential to least significant on the off chance that time expires. For low blood pressure, a few essential inquiries to pose to your doctor include:

  • What is probable causing my manifestations or condition?
  • What are other potential reasons for my manifestations or condition?
  • What sorts of tests will I really want?
  • What’s the most fitting treatment?
  • What food sources would it be a good idea for me to eat or stay away from?
  • What’s a proper degree of actual work for me?
  • How regularly would it be advisable for me to be evaluated for low blood pressure?
  • I have another medical issue. How might I best oversee them together?
  • Are there any limitations that I really want to follow?
  • Would it be a good idea for me to see a trained professional?
  • Is there a nonexclusive option in contrast to the medication you’re recommending for me?
  • Are there any pamphlets or other written words that I can bring back home with me? What sites do you suggest visiting?

Notwithstanding the inquiries that you’ve arranged to pose to your doctor, make sure to some other inquiries you might consider during your arrangement.

What to expect from your doctor?

Your doctor is probably going to pose you with various inquiries. Being prepared to answer them might hold time to go over any focuses you need to invest more energy in. Your doctor might inquire:

  • When did you start encountering indications?
  • Have your side effects been nonstop or intermittent?
  • How extreme are your manifestations?
  • What, regardless, appears to work on your manifestations?
  • What, regardless, seems to deteriorate your indications?
  • Have you been determined to have some other ailments?
  • What prescriptions would you say you are as of now taking?
  • What is your regular day-to-day diet?
  • How much activity do you get in a normal week?
  • Do you have a family background of coronary illness?

To know more about high blood pressure.

Tests and Diagnosis for low blood pressure:

The objective of testing for low blood pressure is to track down the basic reason. This decides the right treatment and distinguishes any heart, mind or sensory system issues that might cause lower than typical readings. To arrive at a conclusion, your doctor might suggest at least one of the accompanying tests:

  • Blood pressure test. Blood pressure is estimated with an inflatable arm sleeve and a tension estimating measure.
    • A blood pressure perusing, given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), has two numbers. The first, or upper, number estimates the strain in your courses when your heart beats (systolic tension). The second, or lower, number estimates the strain in your corridors between beats (diastolic tension).
  • Blood tests. These can give data about your general wellbeing as well as whether you have low glucose (hypoglycemia), high glucose (hyperglycemia or diabetes) or a low number of red platelets (weakness), all of which can cause lower than ordinary blood pressure.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG). During this easy, harmless test, delicate, tacky patches (cathodes) are appended to the skin of your chest, arms and legs. The patches distinguish your heart’s electrical signs while a machine records them on chart paper or shows them on a screen.
    • An ECG, which can be acted in your doctor’s office, identifies inconsistencies in your heart cadence, underlying irregularities in your heart, and issues with the stock of blood and oxygen to your heart muscle. It can likewise let know if you’re having a coronary episode or then again assuming you’ve had a cardiovascular failure before.
    • Now and then, heart beat irregularities go back and forth, and an ECG won’t track down any issues. Assuming that this occurs, you might be approached to wear a 24-hour Holter screen to record your heart’s electrical movement as you approach your everyday daily practice.
  • Echocardiogram. This painless test, which incorporates a ultrasound of your chest, shows definite pictures of your heart’s construction and capacity.
    • Ultrasound waves are sent, and their reverberations are recorded with a gadget called a transducer, which is held external your body. A PC utilizes the data from the transducer to make moving pictures on a video screen.
  • Stress test. Some heart issues that can cause low blood pressure are more straightforward to analyze when your heart is working harder than when it’s very still. During a pressure test, you’ll work out, like strolling on a treadmill. You might be given medicine to make your heart work harder assuming you can’t work out.
    • Whenever your heart is working harder, your heart will be observed with electrocardiography or echocardiography. Your blood pressure additionally might be observed.
  • Valsalva maneuver. This painless test actually looks at the working of your autonomic sensory system by examining your blood pressure and blood pressure after a few patterns of a kind of profound relaxing: You take a full breath and afterward force the air out through your lips, as though you were attempting to explode a firm inflatable.
  • Tilt table test. Assuming that you have low blood pressure on standing, or from broken mind cues (neurally interceded hypotension), your primary care physician might recommend a slant table test, which assesses how your body responds to changes ready.
    • During the test, you lie on a table that is shifted to raise the upper piece of your body, which reenacts the development from even to a standing position.

Treatments and Drugs for low blood pressure:

Low blood pressure that either doesn’t cause signs or side effects or causes just gentle indications, like brief episodes of discombobulation while standing, seldom requires treatment.

Assuming you have side effects, the most suitable treatment relies upon the fundamental reason, and specialists typically attempt to address the essential medical issue – lack of hydration, cardiovascular breakdown, diabetes or hypothyroidism, for instance – rather than the low blood pressure itself.

Whenever low blood pressure is brought about by drugs, treatment generally includes changing the portion of the medicine or halting it totally.

On the off chance that it’s not satisfactory what’s causing low blood pressure or no successful treatment exists, the objective is to raise your blood pressure and decrease signs and manifestations. Contingent upon your age, wellbeing status and the sort of low blood pressure you have, you can do this in more than one way:

  • Utilize more salt. Specialists typically suggest restricting how much salt in your eating routine since sodium can raise blood pressure, some of the time drastically. For individuals with low blood pressure, that can be something to be thankful for.
    • But since abundance sodium can prompt cardiovascular breakdown, particularly in more established grown-ups, it’s essential to check with your PCP prior to expanding the salt in your eating regimen.
  • Drink more water. Albeit almost everybody can profit from drinking sufficient water, this is particularly evident in the event that you have low blood pressure.
    • Liquids increment blood volume and assist with forestalling drying out, the two of which are significant in treating hypotension.
  • Wear pressure stockings. Similar versatile stockings usually used to let the agony and expanding free from varicose veins might assist with lessening the pooling of blood in your legs.
  • Medication. A few meds, either utilized alone or together, can be utilized to treat low blood pressure that happens when you stand up (orthostatic hypotension).
    • For instance, the medication fludrocortisone is frequently used to treat this type of low blood pressure. This medication helps support your blood volume, which raises blood pressure.

The doctor frequently utilizes the medication midodrine (Orvaten) to raise standing blood pressure levels in individuals with ongoing orthostatic hypotension. It works by limiting the capacity of your veins to extend, which raises blood pressure.

Lifestyles and Home Remedies for low blood pressure:

Contingent upon the justification for your low blood pressure, you might have the option to find specific ways to help lessen or even forestall side effects. A few ideas include:

  • Drink more water, less liquor. Liquor is drying out and can bring down blood pressure, regardless of whether you drink with some restraint. Water, then again, battles parchedness and increments blood volume.
  • Follow a solid eating regimen. Get every one of the supplements you want for good wellbeing by zeroing in on an assortment of food varieties, including entire grains, natural products, vegetables, and lean chicken and fish.
    • In the event that your doctor recommends utilizing more salt however you try to avoid a great deal of salt on your food, take a stab at utilizing regular soy sauce or adding dry soup blends to plunges and dressings.

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  • Go gradually while changing body positions. You might have the option to lessen the dazedness and unsteadiness that happen with low blood pressure on waiting patiently, relaxing when you move from an inclined to a standing position.
    • Prior to getting up toward the beginning of the day, inhale profoundly for a couple of moments and afterward leisurely sit up prior to standing. Laying down with the top of your bed marginally raised likewise can assist with battling the impacts of gravity.
    • In the event that you start to get manifestations while standing, cross your thighs in a scissors style and crush, or put one foot on an edge or seat and incline as far forward as could really be expected. These moves urge blood to move from your legs to your heart.
  • Eat little, low-carb suppers. To assist with forestalling blood pressure from dropping pointedly after dinners, eat little divides a few times each day and cutoff high-carb food sources like potatoes, rice, pasta and bread.
    • Your doctor additionally may suggest drinking charged espresso or tea with suppers to briefly raise blood pressure. But since caffeine can lead to different issues, check with your doctor prior to drinking more stimulated refreshments.

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Pintu Kumar Sahu, LT, is a registered Lab Technician with a Diploma in Medical Field. He has good knowledge of Biochemistry, Pathology, Blood banks, and Microbiology.

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